October 16 is observed as World Food Day. It is to tackle hunger and commemorate the establishment of United Nations of Food and Agricultural Organisation(FAO). But, unfortunately, hunger still poses a significant economic burden, both on individuals and national economies of the country. One-third of the food produced in the world for human consumption approximately 1.3 billion tons gets lost or wasted every year.
WHO IS HUNGRY?
- According to the United Nations, one in every nine people goes to bed hunger every night.
- Around the world, 795 million people do not have people do not have enough of the food they need to live an active and healthy life.
- People are suffering from chronic hunger suffering like malnutrition, developmental disabilities and low productivity.
- The highest number of malnourished people lives in Asia and the Pacific.
WHY ARE THEY HUNGRY?
According to the study, many hungry people live in countries with food surpluses not food shortages. Lack of access of food supply is one of the causes of hunger.
Lack of infrastructure such as road, storage facilities, frequent war, displacement, natural disasters, climate change and chronic poverty.
Drought as a result of climate change and unpredictable rainfall is also responsible for hunger.
HOW DOES HUNGER AFFECT OUR LIVES?
Nine million people die due to hunger and hunger-related diseases. Poor nutrition is responsible for nearly half of all deaths in children under the age of five. About three million children die every year because their bodies don’t have the basic nutrients they need to function and grow. This leads to a lot of diseases, malnutrition, poor development and low productivity etc.
HOW CAN WE END WORLD HUNGER?
Economic growth has been as key to reducing hunger. More trade, financial liberalisation and open market should aid the supply of food, of which there’s no overall shortage.
In developing countries, food waste occurs mainly at early stages of the food value chain and can be a track to financial, managerial and technical constraints in harvesting techniques as well as storage and cooling facilities. Strengthening the supply chain through direct support of farmers and investing in infrastructure, transportation, expansion of food and packaging industries which could help to reduce the amount of food loss and waste.
There are many organisations that collect unused food and reallocate to places or people in need. Use their service. This will not only benefit those in need but it will also help to reduce the increasing amount of food that ends up in the landfill.
We can make a change towards by making the world hunger-free by not wasting and throwing of food, reducing the poverty and donating the food to the organisations.
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